Putin rejects foreign advice on democracy
President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday angrily rejected what he described as attempts to enforce foreign patterns of democracy on Russia and vowed to preserve the nation's identity against interference from abroad.
Putin's speech was his first state-of-the nation address since winning a third term in March's election despite a wave of massive protests in Moscow. Putin has pursued a tough course on dissent since his inauguration with arrests and searches of opposition activists and introduction of laws that impose heavy fines on protesters and rigid rules on civil society groups.
Speaking to lawmakers, officials and clerics who gathered in the Kremlin's ornate St. George's Hall, Putin said Russia would follow its own view on democracy and shrug off any "standards enforced on us from outside."
"Direct or indirect foreign interference in our internal political processes is inadmissible," he said. "Those who receive money from abroad for their political activities and serve alien interests shouldn't engage in politics in Russia."
One of the laws passed by the Kremlin-controlled parliament requires non-governmental organizations that receive foreign funding and engage in vaguely defined political activities to register as "foreign agents," a move the groups said was aimed to intimidate them and destroy their credibility with Russians for whom "agent" is synonymous with "spy."
Putin also pledged to support "institutions that represent traditional spiritual values," a hint at even more state support for the Russian Orthodox Church.
In August, three members of the punk band Pussy Riot were sentenced to two years in prison for performing a protest song in Moscow's main cathedral. One was released on appeal, but two others are serving their sentences despite international outrage.
Moscow' task on the global stage will be to preserve its "national and spiritual identity," Putin said, adding that a strong military should "guarantee Russia's independence and security."
He added that Russia would continue to push for "coordinated collective efforts" in dealing with global issues.
The Kremlin has said that its continuous refusal to support international sanctions against Syria's President Bashar Assad is rooted in international law that bars interference in a sovereign country's affairs.
Putin sought to boost patriotic feelings by promising to honor heroes of World War I and restoring the historic names of old imperial regiments of the Russian army.
In a speech that focused heavily on social issues, Putin encouraged families to have more children, promised to create 25 million new jobs and develop new incentives for teachers, doctors, engineers and others.
He also made new promises to boost the fight against corruption.
Russia is considered to be one of the most corrupt countries in the world. A group that tracks global perception of the problem ranks Russia 143rd out of 183 countries.
"A sustained and visible effort to reduce corruption is one of the catalysts that could cut the current high risk premium investors apply to Russian equities," Chris Weafer, chief strategist at Sberbank CIB investment bank said in a note to investors earlier this week
Putin called for sanctioning officials who own foreign stocks or bank accounts abroad, and said they will have to explain the source of financing for big purchases including real estate abroad.
His statements would play well with the domestic audience, which has relished in the recent ouster of Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov over a military corruption scandal and investigations of other officials suspected of graft. Still, Gleb Pavlovsky, a political analyst and former Kremlin political strategist, told the Interfax news agency that "Putin had failed to send a message of purging the high ranks."
The opposition ridiculed Putin's statements as lacking substance and novelty. "Everything will be fine soon, I promise," opposition activist Alexei Navalny wrote, sarcastically summing up the address.
Another opposition activist, Vladimir Ryzhkov, called the speech a "manifesto of preserving political status quo."
Putin repeated pledges to reduce the nation's reliance on exports of oil and other mineral resources and encourage the development of high-tech industries. He also lamented a huge capital outflow and Russian companies moving abroad to avoid the uncertainties of Russian laws and courts.
Russian authorities are expecting capital outflows of up to $65 billion this year. Putin quoted analyst estimates that nine out of 10 major deals of Russian companies are registered abroad to be governed by foreign laws. He urged the government to seek more information on Russian companies from nations where they are registered.
Nataliya Vasilyeva contributed to this report.